Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which your immune system destroys insulin-making cells in your pancreas. These are called beta cells. The condition is usually diagnosed in children and young people, so it used to be called juvenile diabetes.
A condition called secondary diabetes is like , but your beta cells are wiped out by something else, like a disease or an injury to your pancreas, rather than by your immune system.
Dr. Bruce Perkins highlights what is said and what is sometimes not said when patients speak to their physicians about their type 1 diabetes.
Lori Berard, RN, CDE, Registered Nurse, talks about what tests and targets are important for patients living with Diabetes.
What is the Prevalence of Diabetes?
Other than gestational diabetes, there are two main types of diabetes: type I diabetes and type II.
Patients with type I Diabetes have run out of insulin, and will generally, early on in the disease, require to be on insulin; pills don’t work for them. Type II patients, patients with type II Diabetes, initially can be treated with pills, but for many of them, after having the disease for many years, your body’s production of insulin tends to decrease, and you, too, will also require insulin.
Insulin is a hormone; it has a number of functions, but the primary one is lowering of blood sugar in the blood. Your body produces other hormones which elevate blood sugar. So what’s happening continuously is it’s like the gas and the brake on a car – it’s being adjusted continuously.
If you’re healthy and you don’t have diabetes and you eat food, your body automatically produces insulin to prevent the sugar that you’ve eaten from making your blood sugar shoot up too high. If you have diabetes, that’s not gonna occur; you have to anticipate the food intake and make sure you’ve got insulin in your body at the time to prevent very high sugars.
Insulin comes in a number of different formulations. It’s important to discuss your particular situation with your pharmacist or health care provider in terms of how it impacts your health and may have an impact on other medications that you’re taking.
Local Practitioners: Endocrinologist
Dr. Amish Parikh : This is a patient story about their experience with hypoglycemia. Type 1 Diabetes Think Tank Network